The 10 Biggest Revelations From Edward Snowden's Leaks

Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden poses for a photo during an interview in an undisclosed location in December 2013 in Moscow, Russia.
Image: Barton Gellman/Getty Images

One year ago, the Guardian published its first bombshell story based on leaked top-secret documents showing that the National Security Agency was spying on American citizens.

At the time, journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian never mentioned that they had a treasure trove of other NSA documents, nor that they came from one person. Then three days later, the source surprisingly unmasked himself: His name was Edward Snowden.

Journalist Glenn Greenwald and the Guardian won a Pulitzer Prize for reporting based on Snowden's information.

Hong Kong has topped the list for the past seven years -- since its first appearance in the survey.

定制木门趋势日益蓬勃,个性定制渐成潮流

Meanwhile the services PMI reading for the month was 51.2. It had been 52 in October. The manufacturing PMI, reported earlier this week, came in at 48.6 in November, versus expectations of 48.3. It had been 48.3 in October
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最后西蒙点评:“你们在唱的时候眼睛里透露出坚定,唱得相当投入,第一次我听到你们唱这首歌的时候我觉得很惊艳,而这一次提高了不少,更上了一个台阶。”

1. Secret court orders allow NSA to sweep up Americans' phone records

The very first story revealed that Verizon had been providing the NSA with virtually all of its customers' phone records. It soon was revealed that it wasn't just Verizon, but 今年6月末房地产贷款企业贷款增速一升一降 in America.

This revelation is still one of the most controversial ones. Privacy advocates have challenged the legality of the program in court, and one Judge deemed the program unconstitutional and "almost Orwellian," while another one ruled it legal.

The uproar caused by this first story has led President Barack Obama to endorse a reform to the program, and the House of Representatives to pass the first law that tries to change it.

2. PRISM

The existence of PRISM was the second NSA bombshell, coming less than 24 hours after the first one. Initially, reports described PRISM as the NSA's program to directly access the servers of U.S tech giants like Google, Facebook, Microsoft and Apple, among others.

机遇与挑战交替上演 卫浴行业未来该驶向何方?

PRISM, we soon learned, was less less evil than first thought. In reality, the NSA doesn't have direct access to the servers, but can request user data from the companies, which are compelled by law to comply.

PRISM was perhaps as controversial as the first NSA scoop, prompting technology companies to first deny any knowledge of it, then later fight for the right to be more transparent about government data requests. The companies ended up partially winning that fight, getting the government to ease some restrictions and allow for more transparency.

3. Britain's version of the NSA taps fiber optic cables around the world

9)做得不错:毫无疑问,这有点陈词滥调的味道。有时,仅说一句“谢谢”还不够。人们想知道他们的工作完成得是否出色,也想知道为什么他们工作干的出色。毕竟,他们为项目流了太多的汗水,倾注了太多的心血。他们需要知道自己的工作很特别且是有意义的。
3. Enlisted military personnel
从eBay的Magento电子商务系统、IBM和NetSuite等知名企业到规模较小的Shopify和Volusion等,很多科技公司都希望从中分一杯羹。但相对冷门的Bigcommerce正在悄悄引发关注并窃取市场份额。它吸引了超过7,500万美元的风投资本,其中4,000万美元来自企业家史蒂夫o凯斯的Revolution Growth公司。
中国的网红经济发展到今天,经历了三个阶段:第一个阶段是文字时代,第二个阶段是图文时代,现在这一阶段是要归功于宽带的可用性的视频时代。

Tempora is one of the key NSA/GCHQ programs, allowing the spy agencies to collect vasts troves of data, but for some reason, it has sometimes been overlooked. After a couple of months from the Tempora revelation, a German newspaper revealed the names of the companies that collaborate with the GCHQ in the Tempora program: Verizon Business, British Telecommunications, Vodafone Cable, Global Crossing, Level 3, Viatel and Interoute.

4. NSA spies on foreign countries and world leaders

U.S. President Barack Obama, right, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel are seated together at a G7 dinner in Brussels, on June 4. Their relationship has been tense since reports revealed that the NSA tapped Merkel's phone.

Amy Poehler made out with Bono, Tina Fey mocked George Clooney's taste in women and Matt Damon emerged, bizarrely, as the night's recurring gag.
The runner-up was Lucy Kay, with Bars and Melody in third place.
猪肉价格同比上涨4.8%。猪肉在用来计算CPI的以食品为主的一篮子商品中占有较大权重。

津提升公租房智能化管理运营 实行“一卡通”

Enthusiastic supporters of the idea of a “universal basic income” for all citizens, meanwhile, will look to Finland where a trial is now well under way. In France, Emmanuel Macron will try to tread a delicate line in 2018 as he reforms the labour market, hoping to inject flexibility without increasing insecurity or incensing the unions.
A private reading on China's manufacturing sector suggests the slowdown continued last month but that conditions had not worsened as much as in October. The Caixin-sponsored preliminary manufacturing PMI was 48.6 in November, versus expectations of 48.3. It had been 48.3 in October.

The German newsweekly Der Spiegel revealed that the NSA targets at least 122 world leaders.

Other stories over the past years have named specific targets like German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Brazil's President Dilma Roussef, and Mexico's former President Felipe Calderon, the French Foreign Ministry, as well as leaders at the 2010 G8 and G20 summits in Toronto.

5. XKeyscore, the program that sees everything

XKeyscore is a tool the NSA uses to search "nearly everything a user does on the Internet" through data it intercepts across the world. In leaked documents, the NSA describes it as the "widest-reaching" system to search through Internet data.

6. NSA efforts to crack encryption and undermine Internet security

Encryption makes data flowing through the Internet unreadable to hackers and spies, making the NSA's surveillance programs less useful. What's the point of tapping fiber optic cables if the data flowing through them is unreadable? That's why the NSA has a developed a 盛来运:房地产调控对经济影响还需观察 to circumvent widely used web encryption technologies.

One side of the capsized Eastern Star was rolled above water at 7:30 am Friday, as rescuers worked through the night to right the upturned ship in the Yangtze River. The side that has emerged shows "Eastern Star" in Chinese character on the hull.
China is now home to over 80,000 trade markets and total retail sales of consumer goods would reach 30 trillion yuan this year with consumption contributing to about 60 percent of total GDP growth, Gao said.
IDC认为,中国人可支配收入的增加导致了消费的增加,从而推动了国内手机市场的快速增长。
China purchased 141,000 industrial robots in 2017, up 58.1% year-on-year, but foreign brands accounted for nearly three quarters of that, showing that the gap is still widening between Chinese robot makers and their foreign peers.

多家物管禁止共享单车进小区 居民们有话说

许多分析师或许会对有关他们低估美联储的说法感到愕然。如今人们在谈论新兴市场资产时,最常提到的两个相关因素就是美联储和中国,以及它们将来造成负面冲击的风险。
这首歌简直太好听了。感情丰沛、大气磅礴,阿黛尔为《大破天幕杀机》演唱的主题曲令人拍案叫绝。这首歌让人们对詹姆斯·邦德留下了独特的印象,人们以后还能借由这首主题曲重拾对詹姆斯·邦德的记忆。尽管历史和原有的情感使其他两首歌的排名高于这首歌,但是至少在我们看来,阿黛尔的《天降杀机》和前两名相差无几。
报告称,北上广深等一线城市居民承受着较大的经济压力;而四线及以下城市的工作机会较少,人脉在生活的各个方面都起着重要作用。
动物会根据美感做出选择。
Private investment for the year ended October was up 2.9 per cent, up 0.4 percentage points, while state investment dropped 1.1 percentage points to 20.5 per cent.
Guo Jingjing's alleged romance with Kenneth Fok, the grandson of late Hong Kong tycoon Henry Fok, has captured the imagination of a country that seems to have become as interested in the private lives of its athletes as in their athletic performances.
Potus v Korus
区块潜力巨大,以至于目前出现了创建更多“侧链”的倡议,尽管该想法存在争议。Chain是一款使创建比特币应用简便化的应用程序接口,该公司首席执行官亚当o卢德温表示:“我们目前并不想干扰主区块。主区块运作良好,我们不想破坏它。”
其中,上海交易所IPO共计26宗,而深圳中小企业板IPO共计15宗,创业板IPO共计20宗。

7. NSA elite hacking team techniques revealed

The NSA has at its disposal an elite hacker team codenamed "Tailored Access Operations" (TAO) that hacks into computers worldwide, infects them with malware and does the dirty job when other surveillance tactics fail.

Der Spiegel, which detailed TAO's secrets, labelled it as "a squad of plumbers that can be called in when normal access to a target is blocked." But they can probably be best described as the NSA's black bag operations team.

时间:2009-07-16 编辑:vicki
(传说中的中心对称!!!!)不过Illuminati的对称文已经遗失,下面的对称文是Dan Brown在写《天使与魔鬼》的时候找朋友设计的。 就《天使与魔鬼》一书描述,尽管很多人怀疑该组织的真实性,但光照派的确存在,至今如此,并且已经渗入了当今各个领域,尤其是很多共济会成员都在其中。
A historically jittery commodity, crude oil has seen calm prices for three years, and one big factor has been helping smooth the wrinkles: U.S. shale oil.
Rated 6.4 points out of 10 on the review website, some users said the drama focused too much on romance.
热门的新兴市场基准债券和股票的价格已经下降,同时根据代表全球大型金融公司的组织——国际金融研究所(Institute for International Finance)的数据,来自海外投资者的净流入已经从2014年的2850亿美元降至今年的660亿美元。

8. NSA cracks Google and Yahoo data center links

When bulk collection or PRISM fails, the NSA had other tricks up its sleeve: It could infiltrate links connecting Yahoo and Google data centers, behind the companies' backs.

Yet when October was taken as a whole, only Shenzhen showed a real month-on-month price fall.

This story truly enraged the tech companies, which reacted with much more fury than before. Google and Yahoo announced plans to strengthen and encrypt those links to avoid this kind of surveillance, and a Google security employee even said on his Google+ account what many others must have thought privately: "Fuck these guys."

9. NSA collects text messages

It's not just about Internet data though. The NSA, following its unofficial motto of "collecting it all," intercepts 200 million text messages every day worldwide through a program called Dishfire.

去年12月,包括中国商务部、中国央行在内的四个政府部门表示,将收紧对房地产、酒店、影城、娱乐业、体育俱乐部等领域的“非理性”对外投资项目的审查。
4.British people may seem to apologise a lot, but it doesn't quite mean the same thing here. In the UK, "I'm sorry" actually means either a) I didn't hear you; b) I didn't understand you; or c) I both heard and understood you, and I think you're an idiot.

Other documents also revealed that the NSA can "easily" crack cellphone encryption, allowing the agency to more easily decode and access the content of intercepted calls and text messages.

10. NSA intercepts all phone calls in two countries

The NSA intercepts and stores all phone calls made in the Bahamas and Afghanistan through a program called MYSTIC, which has its own snazzy logo.

The Bahamas was revealed by The Intercept, Greenwald's new website, while the second was revealed by WikiLeaks, which protested The Intercept's decision to withhold the second country's name.

2月1日

Bonus: Edward Snowden's first in-person interview with an American news outlet

(H/T to the site Free Snowden, which has an extensive and detailed list of all the NSA revelations.)